Gum disease treatment, also known as periodontal therapy is used to treat periodontal (gum) disease and is diagnosed during a periodontal examination during a regular dental check-up.
Gum Disease Stages
Gum diseases range from simple gum inflammation to a serious condition that causes major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Gum disease is caused by tartar, which forms when plaque is not completely removed by brushing or flossing. Tartar can harden and only be removed by a professional dental cleaning.
- Gingivitis: The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis, which appears in the form of an infection to the gums. As plaque irritates the gums, the development of gingivitis causes the gums to grow red, swollen, and tender and to bleed easily.
- Periodontitis: The next stage of periodontal disease is periodontitis, the point at which the bone supporting the teeth and holding them into the jaw becomes infected. Untreated gingivitis forces the gums to pull away from the teeth and form pockets that can become infected. As bacteria infects the bone, the immune system responds by attempting to fight off the bacteria, but as a result, the bone and other connective tissues of the teeth can begin to break down and eventually reach the point of being damaged enough that the teeth need to be removed.
Gum disease is the primary reason for tooth loss in adults. Periodontal therapy is therefore of the utmost importance.
The Steps of Periodontal Therapy
At Park Avenue Dental, a standard component of the routine checkups we provide is screening for periodontal disease.
- Diagnosis: The first step of periodontal therapy is the diagnosis. Many people are unaware of the presence of the disease until it has advanced, so a diagnosis through regular screenings enables us to provide an effective treatment to avoid tooth loss.
- Treatment: The second step of periodontal therapy is treatment. If the disease has only progressed to the gingivitis stage, our dentists will suggest scheduling one or two regular cleanings and give instructions for preventing periodontal disease in the future with heightened dental hygiene and additional regular cleanings. If the periodontal disease is more advanced, our hygienists will deep clean infected roots of the teeth to remove toxins.
- Maintenance: The last step of periodontal therapy is maintenance. Maintenance after treatment is extremely important. In order to preserve the success of the treatment step, your Park Avenue Dental dentist will propose regular periodontal cleanings. The periodontal cleaning appointments include teeth polishing, an oral cancer screening, an examination of tooth decay, existing restorations, and any diagnostic x-rays that need to be taken, and updated oral hygiene recommendations.
Gum Disease Treatment at Park Avenue Dental
Your friendly, neighborhood dentists of Park Avenue Dental are greatly concerned about the health and longevity of your teeth. We can help you restore your teeth with the proper application of preventative methods, treatments, and maintenance. To learn more about gum disease treatments or to schedule a cleaning, contact Park Avenue Dental today!